Do You Have Difficulty in Swallowing Food?

The condition in which a person find it's difficult to swallow food and fluids is called Achalasia. This rare condition occurs when esophagus or the food tube lacks the ability to squeeze food down the stomach. The major reason for this problem is esophageal nerve damage caused by abnormal immune system response.

  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Passing out of undigested food
  • Weight loss
  • Coughing while sitting or lying down
  • Chest pain
  • Heartburn
  • Aspiration
Diagnosis of Achalasia Cardia

Barium Swallow: Patient is made to swallow a liquid called barium sulfate which is visible to x rays. Then food pipe will be coated with a thin layer of barium enabling the machine to examine it.

Esophageal Manometry
: This procedure is carried out to gauge the muscle pressure in the esophagus. In this procedure, a thin tube is inserted into the nose and the patient is asked to swallow many times. Doctor will analyze the muscle contractions and check whether the muscles are working smoothly or not.

Biopsy: A sample is removed during an endoscopy and despatched to a laboratory for further medical investigation.

Treatment for Achalasia Cardia

This cannot be completely cured but can be managed by a technique called Laparoscopic Cardiomyotomy. Af first the doctor will administer general anesthesia so the patient could not feel the pain. The doctor makes an incision in the upper abdomen. Then a laparoscope is inserted into it and the doctor can view it on the video monitor. Then other five incisions will be made to insert other instruments to divide the lower esophageal sphincter and the muscle layer in the upper part of the stomach. This allows the person to swallow food and fluids better than before. Faster recovery, less pain, scarring, no side effects, cost effectiveness are its major advantages.

Criticare Multispeciality Hospital and Research Centre offers Best Laparoscopic Achalasia cardia in Mumbai with the help of dedicated team of doctors and other staff.

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